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Dieses Benutzerhandbuch ist dafür gedacht, Neulingen den Eintieg in PhpGedView (oder kurz PGV) zu erleichtern, damit ein erfolgreoches Arbeiten möglichst schnell und einfach möglich wird. Der Aufbau der Anleitung führt von einfacheren Tätigkeiten zu Beginn bis hin zu etwas aufwändigeren Funktionen.

Diese Anleitung ist für jene gedacht, die sich viel mit Genealogie beschäftigen, und eher weniger für jene, die nur ab und an auf einer erstellten Genealogieseite vorbei schauen. Auch ist dies keine Anleitung für den Administrator, der die technische Seite des Genealogie-Web-Projekts betreut. Manche Funktionen von PhpGedView können nur vom Seitenadministrator verwaltet werden und werden in eigens dafür geschaffenen Seiten beschrieben (s. Adminhilfe und Installationshilfe). Im Programm selbst sind an zahlreichen Stellen Informations- und Hilfetexte, durch Fragezeichen erkennbar, abrufbar.

Kurzinfo

Hier folgen nun einige wichtige Informationen für den schnellen Start. Genauere Erklärungen werden künftig mehr und mehr unter zusätzlichen Links entstehen. Für jene, die mit ähnlicher Software bereits Erfahrung haben, sind die Detailinformationen gedacht, während die kurzen Informationen auf dieser Seite wichtig für einen Gesamtüberblick über die Funktionsweise von PGV und Genealogieprogrammen im Allgemeinen sind.

Einen neuen Stammbaum / ein neues GEDCOM-File anlegen

Detailinformationen: Neuen Stammbaum anlegen

Sie können entweder eine ganz neue Datei in PGV beginnen oder aber eine bereits in einem anderen Programm erstellte GEDCOM-Datei importieren. Auf der anderen Seite kann auch aus PGV heraus eine GEDCOM-Datei erstellt werden, die dann in anderen Programmen/von anderen Nutzern geöffnet werden kann. Wenn eine ganz neue Datei in PGV begonnen werden soll, muss zunächst vom Administrator ein neues GEDCOM dort angelegt werden. Ist erst ein GEDCOM-File in PGV hochgeladen oder neu angelegt, kann es los gehen (für mehr Details siehe Hauptartikel). Aber Achtung: ein GEDCOM-File enthält nur Informationen und Fakten. Auf Medien wird dementsprechend nur verwiesen, gespeichert werden müssen sie eigenständig.

Wenn der Baum/die Datenbank erst einmal da ist, wird damit begonnen, Daten einzugeben, abzuändern oder zu ergänzen. In PGV und GEDCOM geht es hierbei meist um zwei Einheiten: Individuen (Personen) und Familien. Zusätzlich gibt es noch unterstützende Elemente: Hierarchie der Orte (eine Übersicht aller eingegebenen Orte), Multimedia, Quellen und Archive. Um sich später noch einmal an diese Elemente zu erinnern, schauen Sie in PGV unter dem Menüpunkt "Listen" nach.

Wichtige weitere Daten, die mit den meisten Objekten oder Fakten verknüpft sind, sind Datumsangaben und Ortsnamen. Sie haben eine sehr große Freiheit dabei, wie viel Sie eingeben. Je näher sie sich jedoch an Richtlinien halten und je exakter Sie Daten angeben, desto besser kann das Programm die Daten automatisch für Sie aufbereiten. Am Besten ist es also, Sie informieren sich über die Links auf dieser Seite zu den Richtlinien zu Datums- und Ortsangaben.

Personen und Familien

Ein Ziel der meisten Genealogieprogramme (und so auch von PGV) ist es, verbindungslos entstehende Datensätze nach Möglichkeit zu vermeiden. Darum lassen sich neue Personen nur als Verwandte bereits bestehender Personen anlegen. Außerdem werden Verbindungen zwischen Menschen immer innerhalb und durch eine Familie hergestellt. Personen erhalten den Verwandtschaftsstatus anhand dessen, wie sie innerhalb einer Familie miteinander verknüpft sind. Manch einer nennt dies die unmittelbare Familie. In PGV werden diese Personen Direkte Verwandtschaft genannt, da bei ein und derselben Person üblicherweise zwei oder manchmal auch mehr unmittelbare Familienmitgliedschaften bestehen.

Die meisten Menschen werden im Laufe ihres Lebens Teil von zwei Familien. Ein Kind in der Familie ihrer Eltern und später, wenn sie heiraten und Kinder bekommen, auch ein Elternteil in der eigenen Familie. "Frauenhelden" o.A. können zahlreiche Familien begründen, ob beabsichtigt oder nicht. Beachten Sie, dass das gedankliche Konstrukt einer Familie nicht das selbe ist wie das eines Haushaltes. In Datenbanken wie dieser besteht ein historischer Fokus auf biologischen Beziehungen, gemeinsam mit einem aktuelleren Fokus auf gesetzesmäßigen Beziehungen, bspw. durch Adoption oder auch durch religiöse Verbindungen. Also wird z.B. ein Stiefkind, das nicht adoptiert wurde, nie in derselben Familie mit den Stiefeltern erscheinen, selbst wenn es bei diesen aufwächst. Das sollte beachtet werden, wenn Personen, Familien und deren Beziehungen verzeichnet werden.

Adding/Editing People and Families

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To add a new person, add a close relative to an existing person in the family tree. Generally one adds a spouse, father, mother, or child. A new person can be added in the Close Relatives tab on the Individuals screen, or from a Family screen by clicking to add a child, husband or wife. Adding a child, father, mother or spouse will create the new family if it did not exist already. This because the relationship has to be created when adding the new person and a relationship only exists within a family.

Adding a new spouse will create a new family with the two individuals as parents. A problem arises when trying to add a new sibling before the family exists. It takes a spousal or parent-child relationship to create the family. So even if nothing is known about either parent, one must create at least one parent first to add a sibling. In such cases, create the parent with "Unknown" as their first and last name as a place holder. Later on, the parent can be edited to correct information when known.

There is a distinction between adding someone NEW versus making a link to someone who already exists in the database. Most often you are adding new but occassionaly you may need to link to an existing person. The need arises when distant cousins marry or siblings in one family marry different siblings in another family.

See the main page on Editing People or Editing Families for specifics on each form to add a new or link to an existing Individual.

Rarely there is a need to add an unlinked person first, for example, if you are working on a separate branch that might eventually get connected. While possible, it is purposely inconvenient, requires Administrative privileges, and can only be done from inside the Administrator screen (see Add an unlinked person).

When you add a new Individual, you will have the chance to fill in a lot of information. Do not get too worried, just add what you know. You can always edit or add more information later.

To help with consistency and aid the user, some fields may be filled in for you. Like the last name of a child in a family, or the gender if you selected "Add a son", "Add a daughter" or the like. But you can change any of the information even if pre-filled in. You can also leave blank any information that is not known.

Generally, a person is minimally defined by their name. Often the gender and maybe one basic event of their life is known as well. The three basic events are:

  • Birth
  • Marriage
  • Death

Note that to add a marriage, you have to add a spouse. The marriage even is actually stored with the family and not the individuals.

Having finished one person, you can proceed to the next person in the family. However, it is likely that you have more Facts and Events on the life of the person, like place of residence, religion, education, etc. You can add this data now as well or come back and do it later.

A Family is created automatically when you add a spouse, parent or child. Just as with an individual, you can add facts, events, and multimedia to the family. Such information will be displayed in the Family screen and with each spouse. A key fact with any family is the Marriage. Another might be a census giving the family members, occupation, and residence. Note that you can add a Marriage when in the Individuals screen. But that fact is actually stored with the family. Something to keep in mind when wondering why your edit disappeared after saving (because it appears staged as an edit waiting for approval with the family and not the individual).

Adding Sources and Repositories

Vorlage:Main As you become more accomplished, you will appreciate the concept of sources. Every fact in the database can be attributed with a link to where you got that information from along with the details in the source reference. The name, birth, death and so on are all facts that can be sourced from many places. If you can, get in the habit of ALWAYS adding a source to every fact, event or even name and Individual. Many a time you come back six months later, see something that now seems incorrect, but wonder where you got that notion from. Genealogy is more a constant refining process where you develop better and better educated guesses until you feel you have overwhelming evidence to support just one answer. This happens with every fact -- the name, birth date, birth place and so on. So while it may appear as a tedious task, adding sources pays later.

You can add a source in the Sources tab on the individual display, and on virtually every fact and object editing screen - whether you are adding or editing new people, events, multimedia etc. The 'Sources' tab is appropriate for sources of a general nature relating to the person. If the source applies to the specific fact, event, image etc, it is better to note the source there. And it is just fine to create a use a source that simply identifies it as an attestation by a specific individual. At least you know where it came from in case you need to reconfirm later or decide which source wins out when conflicting.

Sources can be linked to a repository as well. So the source may be your family bible while the repository is a particular household or family that holds the bible. Or the source may be a particular book and the repository a library where you found the book. Get in the habit of listing the repository as well, even if your own collection. Like sources attached to facts, you will not remember later on where you had seen that important document you forgot to make a photo copy of. Leave a breadcrumb to find that trail later.

Adding Multimedia

Vorlage:Main You can illustrate your family data with a rich selection of Multimedia: images, voice and video, documents, webpages and other illustrative and documentary material. You can illustrate your sources with images of original documents, and include the complete works - stories, memoirs, biographies, as well as links to external sources and pages.

Enriching the viewing experience

After entering a number of people in the family, it is time to think of enriching the viewer's experience. There are many items that make viewing the family tree more enjoyable:

  • Maps - GoogleMap module allows you to display locations for all events in person's life.
  • News (the Welcome Page has forms for adding news about family etc.)
  • Message Forum – an add-on module for a on-line forum

The User Functions

Once you have some data in your family tree, you are ready to show them to the users. This section desribes the basic operations the user - either visitor or registered user - can do to find what she wants on the PGV page. The PGV page should be mostly self-explanatory, but there is a lot of functionality under the hood. The user will want to Navigate the tree to find the information she is interested in, to Search if navigation does not get her there, and possibly to Get data - either as a printed report/page to show somebody without a computer, or possibly in an electronic form.

Navigate

PGV has a very powerful navigation functions, which allow you to move easily between different persons, families and branches of the Family Tree. You can start with a Person, and navigate using this person nearest relatives, a chart of descendants, a chart of ancestors or a chart that includes both. PGV also extensively uses Lists, which are "live", allowing you to filter, sort, select and jump to another list.

The Charts and Lists appear twice on the user interface: in the Top menu, and repeated for the Individual. The Top menu Charts by default start with the designated root person of the family tree, configurable for each registered user. The Individual menu charts start with the individual. The Top menu lists are global, the Individual menu lists start with the individual or his family.

The genealogy data is often represented as a tree, but one can construct two very different trees, each with an individual at its root. The Ancestry tree shows the individual and two parents, four grandparents, eight great-grandparents, sixteen great-great-grandparents etc. The Descendancy tree shows an individual, all his/her children, all grandchildren etc.

Charts

Charts can be used as excellent navigation tools, with many options. Start with the Hourglass chart, which combines the Ancestry with Descendancy views, centered around you or the chosen individual. This gives you the nearest family neighborhood, with more people than the Close Relatives tab. The Pedigree chart extends towards the ancestors, and is similar to the Ancestry chart except for the layout. The Descendancy chart has the same layout as Ancestry but extends towards individual's descendants. The Family Book chart displays descendant families, each arranged in an Hourglass layout. You can achieve similar effect of displaying separate families in the Ancestry and Descendancy charts by selecting the "Booklet" option. The Relationship chart shows all individuals on the way between two individuals; The Relationship charts from the individual to the user favorites are pre-defined.
Datei:Sub Diagrams.png
Example sub-menu

All those standard charts have common navigation tools. The Zoom Datei:Zoom.png icon expands the individual box, showing his/her life details. The Link to charts  Datei:Link to charts.png  icon shows a sub-menu of various charts for the individual and related persons, and the Arrow Datei:Arrow.png pointing in different directions moves the display in the direction indicated, and in some contexts also displays a submenu if the destination is ambiguous. A plus or minus sign Datei:PlusMinus.png expands or contract parts of the tree.

Other diagrams present the data in different graphic formats. The Circle diagram gives a snapshot of several generations of ancestors, with individual in the center. The Compact chart crams the individual and his/her ancestors up to great great grandparents (with optional images) in one compact page. There are two diagrams showing people and events as they develop in time. The Timeline chart shows all events of one (or more) individuals on a timeline. The Lifespan chart compares multiple individuals, with their events shown with small markers. Once selected, you can switch between those two views. In each diagram you can also navigate to the individual by clicking his/her name.

A summary of available charts:

  • Ancestry tree
  • Descendancy tree
  • Combined Ancestry and Descendancy tree
  • Single line joining two individuals
  • Time span

Lists

Lists, like charts, can also be used as live navigation tools. Lists, especially lists of people and families, show up in multiple locations, and almost all lists are connected. For example, viewing a list of people, you can click on the place name, which will bring you to the place hierarchy display with people and families related to this place; if you click at the date, you will be brought to the anniversary calendar with lists of events that occurred on this date (month, year, etc.). all list have column headers that can be clicked to sort the rows alphabetically; the people list have additional options to sort by first name, and to add parents.

People and families

Lists of people and families are displayed in many places: when the "Family List" and "Individual List" menu items are selected; as a result of a search; in the "On This Day" and "Upcoming Events" boxes; as lists of people and families linked to a particular Source or Media object; as lists of people and families related to the selected Place location etc. People lists share the header that allows you to filter and select people based on a range of criteria:

Males
Females
Persons whose gender is unknown
Alive in specified year
Alive (individual or both)
Dead (individual or both)
People born more than 100 years ago
People born within last 100 years
People who died over 100 years ago
People who died within last 100 years
Couples both alive
Couples where only male is alive
Couples where only female is alive
Couples where both partners are deceased
Couples with unknown marriage date
Divorced couples
Roots: people who have no parents recorded in the database (both if family)
Leaves: people who are alive and have no children recorded in the database

Using any one of those filters you can narrow the list of choices. Clicking the person or family will navigate to this person (family) display. Selecting the place or date will bring the Place Hierarchy or Anniversary lists.

Place Hierarchy

If places in your GEDCOM are structured (see Place data for details), the Place Hierarchy list will display the list of top level place elements. They typically should be country names, although in some not-so-distant future they could be "Earth", "Moon", "Mars" etc. When you click on any such element, you will be presented with a list of its sub-elements, for example States if the country was US. The sub-list will be accompanied by a map, if available. You can continue to lower level sub-units (Counties, etc.), or select "View all records found in this place". You will eventually see a list of people and families. Birth, Death and Marriage places are listed, but the name will show in this list if the place is mentioned with any event.

As always, clicking the person/family opens this person/family screen, clicking the place opens another another list of all people/families associated with this place etc.

Multimedia

The MultiMedia List menu item will display the list of Media Objects. You can use the "Filter" function to search for media that have the selected phrase in the title. The Objects returned usually include thumbnail, and also a list of people/families it is associated with. You can navagate to any of them by clicking the name.

Sources and Repositories

The Source List and Repository List display the sources and repositories found in your Gedcom respectively. They do not currently have any filtering tools. If you click on a source, you will be brought to the source screen, with its details and a list of people for which this source is cited. If you click on a repository, you will see a the depository details and a list of sources in this repository.

Calendar

The Anniversary Calendar will display the anniversaries occuring on a specific day, month or year. It will show lists of people and families, and for each the events that match the selection criteria. The list will show events (selectable in the "Show events" option) and also indicate, which anniversary it is, relative to the selected year (which may not be the current year). Only "positive" anniversaries are shown, i.e. the screen will only show events that occurred before (or in) the selected year,. For example if your anniversary date is March 1780, and you are displaying months, events that occurred in all Marches before 1780 will be shown.

You can select Day, Month or Year from the menu, or switch using the "View Day", "View Month" and "View Year" options on the screen.

  • View Day will display events that occurred this day of this month in any year.
  • View Month will display events that occurred any day of this month in any year.
  • View Year will display events that occurred any day of any month in this year.

For example, if you want to find all events that occurred on February 29, you need to first select a leap year (latest leap year if you want all events, for example 2008), then click on February and finally on the 29th.

The screen has other useful functionality. You can select all people, living people or limit the range to the last 100 years (the "Show" option). You can select the gender (all, men, women) and select the events that are to be shown (All, Births, Deaths and Marriages and a selection from more common events).

You can also select different calendars. The events that occurred on a specific date may have an anniversary on different dates in the Julian, Jewish or Islamic calendars. Due to different calendar rules, the determination of the anniversary may only be approximate (typically the difference does not exceed one day).

As with all lists, clicking on person's name (or family names) opens this person or family screen. Conversely, clicking on a date, month or year in any other lists brings this anniversary calendar focused on the selected date, month or year.

Close relatives

When you click the "Close relatives" tab on the individual display, you will switched to a screen showing the individual's family in which he or she is a child, and the family in which he or she is a spouse. You can navigate to parents and siblings, as well as to the families listed on this display.

Search

Vorlage:Main PGV has a powerful search facility, which can be accessed for a quick search trough a Search box, and via the Search menu. The Search box does the same search as the General Search item in the Search menu, but with all Search for options and all Databases selected.

General

The General Search allows you to search for almost anything - names, places, dates, fragments of text, etc. There are some caveats - dates must be entered in their English abbreviated form (e.g. 12 Jan 1817) and you can use regular expressions if you know how. The search is not case sensitive, and wildcards are assumed - the search term will be found no matter what precedes or follows it. The options are:

Search For
You can check one or more of the following
  • Individual Names. Actually this should say Individuals - this option searches the Individual Records for the text string you entered
  • Family Names. As above, it searches Family Records fro the search string
  • Sources - will search Sources for the term you specified
Exclude Filter
Excludes some non-genealogical data by default, you can turn it off.
Associates
Includes records of associates in the search.
Database to search in
select the Gedcom to search for, if there is more than one.

Non-English

If your database has mostly English names, the General seach works well enough. For non-English families, there are language and culture based issues.Some examples are:

Letters with diacriticals
The General search is exact, i.e. it will not return a result if you substitute Muller or Mueller for Müller, or Lodz for Łódź.
Declension
In many languges names undergo declension depending on gender, (e.g. the daughter of Kowalski is Kowalska: looking for Kowalski misses all his daughters).

All such issues cause misses in search results. The best remedy is to use the Soundex Search with Daitch-Mokotoff type, as described below.

Soundex

Soundex should return search results even if the spelling is not exact. You can use Basic type, but the Daitch-Mokotoff is more efficient in finding close matches, and only this type works for non-English search terms. Of course, the Soundex search may return more results than needed, but it is more likely to find what are you looking for. The search terms can be entered as Given name, Last name, or Place, and modified by selecting a Year.

Get data

In addition to viewing the Family Tree on thew ebpage, you may need to extract some data to work on them off-line. Typically this would include the printed or printable form to be distributed on paper or included in a family book or other publication, and raw data for further manipulation, creating tables or extracts or importing to other programs.

Printable data

You can print any PGV page, with the help of an "Printer friendly version" at the bottom of each page; there is also a menu item called "Reports", devoted to generation of reports in printable form.

Reports

You can select from an array of reports in the Reports menu. For each report you have some options to select, and they can be delivered as HTML (i.e. on the webpage) or as a downloadable pdf file (you need a pdf reader to open the file). You can select family tree reports (Individual, Family, Descendants, Ancestors, etc.), some genealogical information information lists (Marriages, Deaths, Births etc.), as well as other lists like recent changes or address lists.

You can create your own report to be included in the menu. See also the list of XML report templates you can use.

Please note that the Address reports currently show only addresses attached to the individual and family records, not addresses in the Residence facts.

Charts

Often a better option to produce a printable version of some section of the family tree is to use the Charts menu. You can tune up your chart using its options, and then select the "Printer friendly version" at the bottom of the page to clean up the display. You can print the result or use a pdf printer driver (for example Open Source PDF Creator) to create the pdf file.

Electronic form

If you have Administrator privileges, you can download the complete Gedcom together with the media. Other user categories can use the Family Clippings Cart to pack into a file a selection of data they can access, if this option is enabled by the administrator.

Family Tree Clippings

Anytime you view an individual, a family or a source, in the Other menu you can access an Add to Clippings Cart submenu. It will present you with a list of options to add just this item or expand the selection by adding other relations or, in case of sources, records of all people and families quoting this source. You can also reach the Clippings cart from the main menu.

You can keep adding items to your cart until you are ready - the content of the cart will be preserved between sessions. The cart will show the list of items, you can also remove unwanted ones. When you are ready, you can download the file which will contain a gedcom with all selected items, plus media files if you selected this option

The User Interface

PhpGedView is a feature rich piece of geneological software and as such there is a plethora of information that can be displayed and edited at any one time, thus resulting in a complex but reasonably intuitive user interface. This section aims to help orientate you by describing the general layout and design of the interface.

When visiting a PhpGedView powered website for the first time you will see the Welcome Page. This page should contain some form of introduction to the website and possibly some basic geneological information. If however, you are a registered user and are logged in, you will see the MyGedView Portal page instead.

Menu Bar

Vorlage:Main

Which ever page you visit you will always see and have access to the Menu Bar. Depending on whether you are logged in or not and what modules the site administrator has installed, will determine what menu items are available. In addition, the currently selected theme may determine the "style" of the icons shown.

Editing/Entering Data

Admin approval

Your editing status depends on the Administrator policy, and may vary depending on installation. Typically you can edit your own data, and need editing provileges to edit others.

The changes you make are not immediately visible to other users. They are marked on the page as changes, pending approval by the Administrator. There are several access levels for people that can approve others' edits. This process of displaying pending changes is not yet perfect, and some entites are not visible: for example creating a new Source does not display it, and if you did not happen to write down the source ID, you must wait for approval in order to proceed.

If you have configured your site with the PENDING CHANGES block, after any changes are made, an email is sent to admin informing him/her of edits to the database. The email is not repeated until 24 hours passes (lest each editing session would create a spam). The administrator approval process is described in a separate article, see Accept / Reject Changes.

Gedcom data structure

Vorlage:Main The data model as well as file storage in PGV is based on GEDCOM standard. There are many resources detailing the structure, the meaning of Gedcom Tags and usage, including the draft Gedcom standard that is the base of PGV model. PGV is very flexible in using the model, and allows files with significant departures from the model to be processed. The verification procedure can check your Gedcom file for strict and lax conformance with Gedcom standard. It is recomended that you review the basics of Gedcom data structure.

Basic rules

In working with genealogy data you must remember to always verify, document, write down the sources. Memory is fragile, and years later you will not know if the error was in original source or just sloppy data entry. Two articles on this topic are available here, Evaluating Evidence and Standards For Sound Genealogical Research, with many references to external sources. Before starting entering large amounts of data, review the most basic rules for entering dates, places, sources and other common elements:

Common Elements

Vorlage:Main In entering Events and Facts you fill data fields, some of which are the common to most entries. In describing and Event, Date and Place are considered most important, and have their special rules for entering data: see the articles on Dates and Places. Other entries that you will frequently encounter are Type, Address, Associate, Source Citation, Restriction, Agency and Note. All those elements are useful and add valuable structure to the data, you should take advantage of them if possible.

People

Vorlage:Main

In the heart of genealogy are people and their pedigree. Pedigree, according to Webster (Middle English pedegru, from Anglo-French pé de grue, literally, crane's foot; from the shape made by the lines of a genealogical chart) is defined as an ancestral line. Adding, modifying and deleting people and their links in families creating the ancestral lines is described in two main articles.

Also at the heart of genealogy are the family relationships between people. Whereas information about a specific person is contained in his individual record, relationships are handled by family (FAM) records. FAM records describe one family: usually husband, wife, and children. An individual record typically contains a FAMC pointer to the FAM record where the person is a child, and a FAMS pointer to the family where that person is a husband or wife. With these two fundamental relationships, all other relationships are derived.

Facts and Events

Vorlage:Main

To give life to people and famiy data in your database, you add facts and events. The terminology is a little confused; Gedcom standard talks about Events like Birth, Baptism, Graduation, etc. with a generic "Event", and about Attributes sometimes called Facts like Education, Occupation or Residence with a generic "Fact". The conceptual difference is that Events occur at a definite point in time (the point may extend as far as a day), while Facts are either extended in time (e.g Education), or don't have a specific time attached to them (e.g Number of Children). PGV does not treat the Facts and Events differently, and allows you to add Facts and Events to an individual or family by selecting from a list of possibilities. The Administator can customize this list, adding and removing both individual and family entries, as well as „Quick Add'” items available with a single click. If you don't see here what you need, ask the administrator to add it.

Editing raw Gedcom record

Vorlage:Main Each top level record (individual, family, object, source and repository) has its own Gedcom fragment that you can view and edit. In a perfect world, all editing should be possible trough user interface, but who has seen perfect software? Also, imported Gedcom may contain errors or non-standard tags that PGV does not understand, and errors could also be introduced by PGV as well. Of course this should not happen, but who has seen software completely free from bugs?

The Gedcom record has a simple structure, each line starting with a number that indicates the level: after a tag with level 1, subsequent tag level 2 indicates that it is subordinate to the level one tag. For example if the event is Birth (1 BIRT), Date (2 DAT) applies to Birth, Time (3 TIME) applies to Date, and Place (2 PLAC) applies to Birth:
1 BIRT
2 DATE 11 NOV 1825
3 TIME 23:55
2 PLAC Greenwood...
The tags are always 3 or 4 capital letters, and are separated by space from level number and from subsequent value of the tag (if any). If a tag is missing, is in the wrong place, or the user interface does not supply the value you seek, you can correct it by editing the Gedcom fragment. For example, if the Media Object you are adding is a painting, and the user interface offers only photo as the type of the file (no photography before 1827 or so :-(, you can look at the raw Gedcom fragment:
0 @M897@ OBJE
1 FILE media/Aunt_Matilda.jpg
2 FORM JPG
3 TYPE photo

and change the line 3 TYPE photo to 3 TYPE painting.

Privacy

Vorlage:Main As a user you are possibly concerned with privacy. While it is a responsibility of an Administrator to set the privacy policies, it is usefull to know, what options are avilable. You may wonder whether your personal data will be visible to everybody, and may also encounter restrictions on what you can see. PGV has very detailed privacy rules, which can restrict viewing and /or editing of specific event types, specific events, selected people, people not related to you or only distantly related etc.

Tutorials

Research Assistant

Vorlage:Main Research Assistant is an add-on providing a number of tools and support for a collaborative genealogical research. It allows you to attach a task to a person being researched, assign a task to a used, organize tasks in folders, track task progress etc. It has heuristic tools for doing research (mostly, but not exclusively for the US -based events) and tools to auto-generate tasks. Read the Research Assistant tutorial for more details.fr:Guide de l'utilisateur